Rose Hill Veterinary Practice, P.C.

Large Animal: 540.987.1200
Small Animal: 540.987.9300
Fax: 540.987.1204
rosehillvet@comcast.net

Shenandoah Mountains

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Large Animal Health Recommendations

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These are general guidelines only. Please consult with Dr. Massie, Dr. O’Brien or Dr. Hausler to determine your herd’s specific needs.

Pre-Breeding Cows and Heifers
-Assure legible ID
-Booster IBR, PI3, BVD, BRSV, preferably MLV (Bovishield ) if not already done
-Booster against Clostridial diseases (Vision 7, Covexin 8, etc)
-Deworm heifers and plan to breed heifers 3-4 weeks prior to cows
-Fall calving herds can treat for lice prior to breeding

Bulls
- Vaccinate as for the cows
-Breeding Soundness Exam 30-60 days prior to expected use to allow time for replacement if necessary

Pre-calving Cows
-Check Body Condition Score (5.5 to 6 is ideal)
-Booster IBR, PI3, BVD, BRSV and Lepto (Cattlemaster 4 + L5) (if not done pre-breeding)
-Booster against Clostridial diseases (Vision 7) (if not done Pre-breeding)
-Vaccinate for Rota, Corona, and E. Coli (Scourguard 3 K/C), if needed
- Selenium management injectable (10cc MU-SE) or via mineral mix
-Deworm first calf heifers +/- herd
-Fall calving herds can treat for grubs

1 – 2 Day Old Calves
-Assure legible ID
-Assure adequate colostrums intake (4 liters in the first 24 hours)
-Dip navel in dilute iodine, if born in a unclean environment
-Inject with 2 ml vitamin E/ selenium (BO-SE)

2 – 4 Month Old Calves
-Vaccinate for IBR, PI3, BVD, BRSV (Bovishield Gold 5 or Cattlemaster 4)
-Vaccinate for Clostridial disease (Vision 7 or Covexin 8) +/- Pasturellla (One Shot Ultra 7)
-Castrate, dehorn, etc., as needed
-Spring calves should be dewormed and fly control measures should be implemented

Weaning Time
-Booster calves for IBR, PI3, BVD, BRSV, preferably MLV (Bovishield Gold 5)
-Booster calves for Clostridial diseases (Vision 7 or Covexin 8)
-Vaccinate calves for Pasturella, if desired and not already done (One Shot or One Shot Ultra 7)
-Vaccinate heifers for Brucellosis, if desired
-Deworm calves (Dectomax or equivalent)

*Vision 20/20 may be used to control Pinkeye in lieu of Vision 7

These are general guidelines only.  Please consult with the Dr. Massie, Dr. O’Brien, or Dr. Hausler for specific recommendations for your herd.
 

Vaccinations:

-CD & T vaccine
-Initial vaccination at 8 and 12 weeks, followed by an annual booster.
-Rabies vaccine
-Initial vaccination at 12 weeks, followed by an annual booster.
-BoSe (if indicated)
-2 weeks of age, or near birth and older

 

(Pregnant does should receive their annual booster 30 days before their anticipated kidding date.)

 

Deworming Schedule:

-Kids should be dewormed every four weeks until six months of age.
-Adult deworming schedule varies with environment, please consult with the veterinarian prior to deworming.

 

Hoof Trimming:

-Goats should have their hooves trimmed a minimum of twice yearly. Many goats will require more frequent trimming.

 

Available herd health testing:

-Tuberculosis
-Annually for accreditation, if desired.
-Brucellosis
-Annually for certification, if desired.
-Caprine Arthritis and Encephalitis.
-Caseous Lymphadenitis.

 

Pregnancy Testing:

-Rectal ultrasound can confirm pregnancy 35 days post breeding.
-Trans-abdominal ultrasound (more typical) can confirm pregnancy 75 –100 days post breeding.

 

These are general guidelines only. Please consult with Dr. Massie, Dr. O’Brien or Dr. Hausler to determine your goat’s specific needs.
 

Vaccinations:

-CD & T vaccine
-Initial vaccination at 8 and 12 weeks, followed by an annual booster.
-Rabies vaccine
-Initial vaccination at 12 weeks, followed by an annual booster.

(Pregnant does should receive their annual booster 30 days before their anticipated kidding date.)

Deworming Schedule:

-Kids should be dewormed every four weeks until six months of age.
-Adult deworming schedule varies with environment.  McMasters fecal test is recommended.

Hoof Trimming:

-Goats should have their hooves trimmed a minimum of twice yearly. Many goats will require more frequent trimming.

Available herd health testing:

-Tuberculosis
-Annually for accreditation, if desired.
-Brucellosis
-Annually for certification, if desired.
-Caprine Arthritis and Encephalitis.
-Caseous Lymphadenitis.

Pregnancy Testing:

-Rectal ultrasound can confirm pregnancy 35 days post breeding.
-Trans-abdominal ultrasound (more typical) can confirm pregnancy 75 –100 days post breeding.

These are general guidelines only. Please consult with Dr. Massie, Dr. O’Brien or Dr. Hausler  to determine your horse’s specific needs.
 

Vaccinations:

-4-way vaccine (EEE, WEE, Tetanus, and Flu) or 5-way (same as 4-way but with Rhino)
-Annually, usually in the spring (March/April)
-Botulism vaccine
-Annually, to all horses eating round bales and to all weanlings
-Rabies vaccine
-Annually
-Rhinopneumonitis vaccine
-Annually or Bi-Annually depending on use (Spring +/-Fall)
-Given to pregnant mares every 2 months (i.e. 3, 5, 7, and 9 months gestation)
-Strangles vaccine
- Intranasal.  Given to all horses in contact with transient horses
-West Nile Virus Vaccine
-Annually

 Coggins Testing:

-Annually if horse is taken off your farm.

 Deworming Schedule:

-Recommend doing fecals at RHVP to see if your horses have worms; and
-Deworm with an Ivermectin product if necessary.
-Once per year use a different product (double dose of Panacur (10mg/kg).  You may also use or Quest, Equimax, Zimectrine Gold, ComboCare)

 Teeth:

-Examine for wear and sharpness at least 1x/year and float as needed.  Some horses will need to be floated 2x/year.

 Foals:

-4-way vaccine (EEE, WEE, Tetanus, Flu)
-At three months of age followed by a booster 3-4 weeks later.
- Botulism vaccine
-At weaning
- Rhinopneumonitis vaccine
-First dose in the fall
- Strangles vaccine
-Given to foals in contact with transient horses or in known positive barns
-West Nile Virus
-Depending on when born, shots given (when >2 mos. old) April and August (w/ booster)

These are general guidelines only.  Please consult with Dr. Massie,Dr. O’Brien or Dr. Hausler to determine your sheep’s specific needs.
 

Vaccinations:

-Covexin 8 or CD & T vaccine
-Initial vaccination at 8 and 12 weeks, followed by an annual booster.
-Rabies vaccine
-Initial vaccination at 12 weeks, followed by an annual booster.

Pregnant ewes should receive their annual boosters 30 days before their anticipated lambing date.

Deworming Schedule:

-Lambs should be dewormed every four weeks until six months of age.
-Adults should be dewormed every four to six weeks. Please consult with Dr. Massie, Dr. Vandrey, or Dr. O’Brien to develop your deworming schedule.

Available herd health testing:

-Brucellosis.
-Caseous Lymphadenitis.
-Ovine Progressive Pneumonia.
-Tuberculosis.

Pregnancy Testing:

-Rectal ultrasound can confirm pregnancy 35 days post breeding.
-Trans-abdominal ultrasound (more typical) can confirm pregnancy 75 –100 days post breeding.